When we talk about the masterpieces of ancient architecture, it is impossible not to think about the flow of architectural art — Gothic. Many believe that the term “Gothic” appeared in the Middle ages, but it’s not. It was introduced in the Renaissance to generalize all medieval art, which was considered “barbaric”. In the first years of the XIX century, after the birth in the art of the term “Romanesque”, clarified certain chronological framework of Gothic. It was divided into three temporal divisions: early, Mature, late.
Scottish castle of the Duke of Argyll on Loch Fyne (1746-89) is one of Europe’s first neo-Gothic edifices.
In the nineteenth century, the British, the French and the Germans challenged each other’s right to be considered the pioneers of Gothic, but the palm in the revival of interest in medieval architecture unanimously pass the UK. In the Victorian era the British Empire in the metropolis and in the colonies led large scale and functional diversity in the construction in the Gothic revival style, the fruits of which are such well known buildings as “big Ben” and the tower bridge.
Fonthill-Abby — the country house of the English writer William Beckford, with 100-metre Gothic tower (built in the years 1795-1813).
The main place in Gothic architecture, is a religious buildings — churches. The Gothic Cathedral is a fusion of many masterpieces. Continue reading
Pyramids of Egypt inside
Such moves are in the depths of the pyramid to the tomb of the Pharaoh
The pyramid is part of the ritual-burial complex of the earth of the Lord: Pharaoh. Therefore, when all differences among all the pyramids aside from the General shape and have a common internal structure, which is due to the obligatory presence of the hall, in which stood a sarcophagus of the Pharaoh and passages leading to it. Will see how to construct the Egyptian pyramids inside the example of the tomb of Cheops is the highest stone constructions in the world.
Tourists use speed, broken by the Mamelukes in the IX century, the Only entrance that was foreseen by the ancient builders, is located on the North side of the pyramid structures at a height of 12 meters from the ground. Once the entrance was concealed plate plating, but at the end of the XVIII century, the first European scholars who have studied this wonder of the world – the French, saw it open, because already by this time people stole the ancient structure of tiles.
The Cheops pyramid inside
The pyramid of Cheops in the context In contrast to most other such constructions of Egypt, which has one burial chamber, near the famous pyramid of Callosa three of them. One of them is underground – below the base of a structure carved directly into a natural Foundation. However, Continue reading
Cities of the ancient Maya
The civilization of the Mayans is one of the oldest and most mysterious civilizations on Earth, formed about 2500 years ago. The city, built in the era of the development of this civilization, now situated in the territory of five States of Central America. Milestones of its development scientists have divided conditionally into three periods: from 2500 BC to 250 ad – the preclassic period, 250 ad to 900 ad – the classic period, 900 ad to 1521 C. E. – the postclassical period. With 1521 with the arrival of the conquistadors coming to the colonial period of the Mayan civilization, which brought previously unknown disease – influenza, smallpox, measles – and the beginning of the conquest of an independent nation.
But the decline of the greatest civilization began much earlier, in the post-classical period. The origin of the collapse is still causing disputes and disagreements among the scientific world.
The Maya were able to do extraordinary things, not knowing the wheels! They built magnificent stone cities, and each of them was a separate state. Mayan doctors accurately diagnosed and engaged in the recovery, using more than 400 medicinal herbs. Using narcotic vegetable substances, were able to do primitive anesthesia and performed surgery.
They were excellent farmers, Continue reading