Patom crater is one of the most mysterious places on the planet.
General information about the Patomsky crater
Patom crater is a conical hill of crushed limestone, located in the Bodaibo district of the Irkutsk region. The crater is a conical elevation, reaching 40 meters in height, its diameter slightly exceeds 180 meters. Covered with grey crushed limestone crater similar to a lunar crater, but unlike the craters on the Earth satellite, the Patom crater is located on the hillside, completely covered with taiga.
Cone Kolpakov would be correct to call a truncated cone – it is not crowned with a pointed top, but the top, which is a flat circular shaft in the center of which is located a funnel presumably of volcanic origin. The volume of the cone is about 230-250 thousand m3, the weight of the crater is estimated at one million tons. On the slopes of the crater are several larches, whose age was estimated at 200 years, and in the center of the crater in the heart of the inland hill grows a single tree age of about 70 years.
Patomsky crater, also known as Chebulinsky or Yavlinsky and as the cone Kolpakov – opened it in honor of geologist Vladimir Kolpakov. The local population proudly calls it “the Nest of fire eagle”, though prefers to avoid.
History of the study of the patomsky crater
For the first time Continue reading
Pyramids of Egypt inside
Such moves are in the depths of the pyramid to the tomb of the Pharaoh
The pyramid is part of the ritual-burial complex of the earth of the Lord: Pharaoh. Therefore, when all differences among all the pyramids aside from the General shape and have a common internal structure, which is due to the obligatory presence of the hall, in which stood a sarcophagus of the Pharaoh and passages leading to it. Will see how to construct the Egyptian pyramids inside the example of the tomb of Cheops is the highest stone constructions in the world.
Tourists use speed, broken by the Mamelukes in the IX century, the Only entrance that was foreseen by the ancient builders, is located on the North side of the pyramid structures at a height of 12 meters from the ground. Once the entrance was concealed plate plating, but at the end of the XVIII century, the first European scholars who have studied this wonder of the world – the French, saw it open, because already by this time people stole the ancient structure of tiles.
The Cheops pyramid inside
The pyramid of Cheops in the context In contrast to most other such constructions of Egypt, which has one burial chamber, near the famous pyramid of Callosa three of them. One of them is underground – below the base of a structure carved directly into a natural Foundation. However, Continue reading
Cities of the ancient Maya
The civilization of the Mayans is one of the oldest and most mysterious civilizations on Earth, formed about 2500 years ago. The city, built in the era of the development of this civilization, now situated in the territory of five States of Central America. Milestones of its development scientists have divided conditionally into three periods: from 2500 BC to 250 ad – the preclassic period, 250 ad to 900 ad – the classic period, 900 ad to 1521 C. E. – the postclassical period. With 1521 with the arrival of the conquistadors coming to the colonial period of the Mayan civilization, which brought previously unknown disease – influenza, smallpox, measles – and the beginning of the conquest of an independent nation.
But the decline of the greatest civilization began much earlier, in the post-classical period. The origin of the collapse is still causing disputes and disagreements among the scientific world.
The Maya were able to do extraordinary things, not knowing the wheels! They built magnificent stone cities, and each of them was a separate state. Mayan doctors accurately diagnosed and engaged in the recovery, using more than 400 medicinal herbs. Using narcotic vegetable substances, were able to do primitive anesthesia and performed surgery.
They were excellent farmers, Continue reading