The oldest Observatory of the world
The oldest Observatory of the world
The goseck circle is a Neolithic structure is unusual in Geseke (Burgenlandkreis district, Saxony-Anhalt). The goseck circle was accidentally discovered in 1991 when you survey the terrain from the plane, it was then a wheat field pilots noticed a mysterious shape. Unfortunately the time was messed up pretty much the preservation of the ancient buildings, but the restoration gave him back his original appearance.
Let’s look at him more …
The goseck circle, consisting of two log circles with three gates clearly measured in the ground, ringed by a small moat. Through these gates on certain days the sun’s rays penetrate, which confirms the theory of scientists: this Neolithic structure is one of the oldest observatories in the world.
In 1991 the plane in a wheat field in Germany was noticed a strange circular building. Scientists interested in this information and found that two of the South aisle in this building celebrates the onset of summer and winter solstice. The facility was recognized as the oldest Observatory in the world and was called “Goseck circle”. Many disagree with this and believe that within the circles of ancient people performed ritual sacrifice dedicated to the Sun.
The excavation was done experts from the University of Halle-Wittenberg in 2002. The researchers were able to establish that South passes exactly note that the days of the summer and winter solstices. The accuracy and quality of calculation of the circle suggests that the ancient creators of “heavenly calendar” had a pretty good knowledge in the field of astronomy, but its exact use is inexhaustible source of most heated debate.
According to estimated calculations, the Observatory was built in 4900 BCE, and likely was the first of its kind. In ancient Europe was widespread “solar cult”, so the structure was used in a special ritual, maybe with the offering of human victims. Upon initial investigation of the Goseck circle, archaeologists have learned a few human bones, among which was the headless skeleton.
During excavations it was found that the Goseck circle was composed of a mound, a moat and four concentric circles with the largest diameter of about 75 meters. The edges of the circles was built 2 wooden 2.5-meter palisade, where there was a gate. There were three gates, on the South-East, South-West and North. During the winter solstice an observer standing in the center, could see the sunrise through the South-Eastern gate, and entering through the southwest. On this day, solar beam passing through a narrow gate, like a painted strip of light on the ground.Archaeologists have decided that the Goseck circle was used for astronomical observations and for the preparation of the lunar calendar. Apparently, by this they only allowed priests.
Inside the circle were found ceramic fragments with a characteristic linear patterns. This was painted his utensils representatives of the culture of stroke-ornamented pottery. These people lived about 4900 years before our era. The finding also is often called the “German Stonehenge”, but the Goseck circle was built 2-3 thousand years earlier than Stonehenge in Britain. According to the German scheme structure more reminiscent of the Irish Newgrange, a temple in the Ural Arkaim and other similar objects. However, in the Goseck circle was used for stone boulders. Perhaps in those ancient times the ancestors of the Germans had not thought of. Or they were too lazy to haul hundreds of miles stones weighing 20-40 tons. Of course, it was easier to secure the area with logs.
It is worth mentioning that, in 25 km from Hosaka was found a disk on which was displayed one of the world’s oldest notions about our Solar System. In the place where he was found, was located such a construction in the form of a ring, which under the Goseck circle in 14-15 centuries. There is no doubt that the cosmological scheme is represented on the disc are the result of centuries-old observations of the sky, the Foundation of which was laid in the Goseck circle.
Amazing and the fact that in such dark, by our standards, the people sought to gain knowledge about the universe beyond the already uncharted territory. But who or what could push people into these thoughts is a question that nobody will answer.
Recently near the Goseck circle was excavated a structure in the form of a ring, only smaller and not so ancient. 3 it was built 600 years ago. Inside was found a mysterious green with an image of the sun, moon and stars, and the sun is in the center. Apparently, the disc reflects the cosmological ideas of stone age people about the world. Perhaps the launching of the construction of the Goseck circle, was continued in later centuries.
Professor Harald Meller says: “the Circle was built by the first farmers who settled on this plain, and shows that they had a remarkable aptitude for astronomy.” However, one thing is unclear: if the structure is good only to show two days in a year – winter and summer solstice, it is needless to say about the extraordinary abilities? Most likely, it was the cult of the magical structure.
Archaeologists have found inside the circles are traces of fires, human and animal bones. The worst discovery was found near the South-Eastern gate — the headless skeleton. Apparently, on certain days it was a place of sacrifice during the mysterious magical rituals.Why the circle was abandoned, unknown. But traces of artificial destruction and fires, there was found.