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Famous Gothic buildings


If You want to see the fabulous mountains, waterfalls, amazing caves, swim in mineral springs, walk along the ecologically clean forest, You will be welcomed by a small country with a big heart in the heart of Europe — Slovakia. The convenient location makes Slovakia a very sightseeing and attractive, but still the majority of tourists coming to the country as soon as possible tend to get in the Tatra mountains, on whose territory are located the national parks and famous ski resorts, where all the conditions for lovers of skiing: ski lifts, cable cars, many hotels, villas, guest houses, restaurants, cafes, etc.

Nature and geography.

Attractions. Slovakia borders with the Czech Republic, Austria, Poland, Hungary and Ukraine. Mountains, lowlands, canyons, lakes, caves, forests and meadows all year round give Slovakia a unique natural beauty. Slovakia is a small country, but its striking landscape varies from lowlands to mountain ranges. Almost half of the country is the Carpathian Arc — a chain of mountains, portegeuse in the North. Other mountains include Little Carpathians, the White Carpathians, the High Tatras and Low Tatras, Slovenske Rudohorie Mountains.

In Slovakia you can find monuments of all historical periods. Near the castles, manors and historic the buildings visitors will find the magnificent natural beauty: high mountains and quiet valleys, rivers, mountain lakes with crystal clear water and extensive cave system.

Trnava was the center of Church administration in Hungary for 250 years from 1541. University buildings XVII – XVIII centuries. are beautiful landmarks.

Nitra — the centre of the Principality of the same name — was the old Slavic fortified settlement. City attractions: Castle complex, convent, Franciscan Church, the Palace (1779), Column (1739) and Abbey Library, housed in the Old Seminary of the eighteenth century.

Mining tradition Banska-Stiavnica go back centuries. In the city center you can find town houses in the style of Renessen. Other attractions include the Old Castle (1548), the Mining and Forest Academies. Given the importance of Banska-Stiavnica and its monuments to mining, the city in 1993 was included in the world heritage List of UNESCO.

Mining and coinage played an important role in the history of Kremnica . Historic buildings include the Town Castle (14-19 centuries), a vast complex of Gothic and Renaissance buildings, small mining galleries (18-19 century). Worth visiting are the Museums of coins and medals.

Located in Central Slovakia banská Bystrica was first mentioned in 1255 Deposits of silver ore, copper predetermined the prosperity of the city as a mining center. His face is defined by several Gothic and Renaissance buildings, including two Gothic churches, the town hall and the fortifications, with turrets and Barbacane.

The spiš region is rich in many historical medieval towns, villages and other settlements. Here, in the city of Levoca . is the world’s tallest Gothic altar. In kežmarok is to visit the Gothic castle of the XV century with its chapel of the 17th century. Around town — the ruins of the city walls and castle, Dating from the 14th and 16th centuries. The centre of the medieval town of Bardejov is an oblong square, surrounded by beautiful Gothic burgher houses with additions made in the Renaissance period.

In Kosice — the center of Eastern Slovakia are beautiful Gothic buildings, bearing the imprint of its rich history. Above the town rises the monumental Cathedral. Elizabeth, one of the most beautiful Gothic cathedrals in the world.

In Slovakia many natural attractions: ice caves; more than 1,300 mineral and thermal springs, geysers, high Tatras mountain range. Mountains, forests and lakes fascinate by their beauty and perfect for relaxation and summer and winter sports. The longest cycle route in Europe passes through the country. There are popular winter sports centers in the mountainous areas, of which Tatra mountains are the best.

In Slovakia, five national parks and 16 protected natural areas. These places almost untouched by man. National Park Low Tatras encompasses the second highest mountain chain of the Western Carpathians. Within the boundaries of the national Park is home to several ski resorts. There are also numerous lakes and rivers among the glacial landscape, offering excellent fishing, Canoeing and swimming.

The country offers a great wealth of curative springs, thermal spas, climatic health resorts and natural mineral waters, known all over the world. Bardejovske kupele resort was founded in the 13th century. His healing water is reputed to cure indigestion, various breathing problems. Source Dodens rated as the best in the area in mineral composition, suitable for treatment of internal organs, neurological and vascular diseases. The world-famous thermal resort of Piešťany specializes in the treatment of rheumatism. Trencianske Teplice is located near sulphur springs and is suitable for the treatment of feet.

Currency. The national currency is the Slovak Koruna. 1 kroon = 100 cents. Foreign currency (including travellers cheques) can be exchanged in exchange offices, Central hotels, banks, border crossings, post offices and major transportation agencies. Importation and exportation national and foreign currency is unlimited (Declaration required, if the amount exceeds 150 thousand SKK or its equivalent in the currency of another state.)

Kitchen. Slovak cuisine is based on a variety of soups, gruels, boiled and stewed vegetables, roasted and smoked meat, and dairy products. The style of cuisine varies from region to region. Slovak cuisine includes both savoury and sweet dishes made from flour, including dumplings. Popular alcoholic drink Slovak beer, wine and mineral water.

Custom. Import and export of local currency is not allowed. The import and export of foreign currency there are no restrictions. Duty-free import of cigarettes — 200 PCs. strong alcoholic beverages — 1 liter, wine — 2 liters, personal things of use in the amount of not more than 30,000 kroons (approximately 1 thousand dollars. USA). When importing historical and cultural values it is necessary to declare, and when they need export permit from the Ministry of culture of Slovakia. Prohibited importation and exportation of arms, explosives, pornographic materials, narcotic substances. Personal jewelry of precious metals not subject to duty. When importing products from precious metals in commercial quantities they are customs valuation, are taxed at a rate of 7% of the cost and subject to certification. At export, including transit vehicles from the territory of Slovakia customs duty is not paid. Imported into the territory of Slovakia vehicles must when crossing the Slovakian border to be declared at customs as used in the territory of Slovakia. On the border are issued a transit number and determine the time within which the vehicle must be decorated in an appropriate office of the Customs administration of the Slovak Republic (usually 3 days). The Customs administration is determined by the amount of the customs Deposit for the car (about 49% value), which is amortized over 12-36 months at a 3% in a month, after which the car is considered cleared and may be exported outside of Slovakia.

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