Gothic – palaces of the XV century
Gothic — palaces of the XV century
In the second half of the fifteenth century Verona was like a huge construction site. Veroneses reconstructed or rebuilt their homes, were decorated with frescoes facades, Windows and entrance portals of the magnificent marble cornices and decorations. Prevailed at the time the architectural style of Venetian Gothic . fashion rule came from Venice to Verona. Until then — the many Windows of the palaces we see in Verona this peculiar and attractive style. By the end of the XV century, fashion changes, and begin to dominate the portals, Windows and the decorations of the arches of the Renaissance style.
The Palace Boldero from the streets of San Fermo
At this time it appears the division into houses and palaces . Many new buildings are so tremendous, both in size and decorations that among his contemporaries there is the term “Palace” and not just a house. In 1581 Francesco Sansovino, describing houses of Venice, mentions over 100 palaces. Architect Scamozzi in 1615, wrote that all “the Venetian aristocrats considered themselves equal to the rest of the prestige, and strongly emphasized their status numerous houses of considerable size”. In many other cities of the Venetian Republic in those days only 5-6 palaces. Verona is not concerned, it was also built a lot of buildings called “Palaces”. The aristocrats in Verona there were families that were included in the City the Council of the Nobility, also the titles of nobility are awarded to foreign monarchs and the Republic of Venice for merit. More than 500 families in Verona were the nobles in the XVI century.
The portal of the Palace Boldero side. Leone
The palaces of Verona in the Gothic style of the XV century have come down to us often partially rebuilt later, but nevertheless in many buildings preserved features of the late Gothic. Characteristic of mid-century buildings are two-story .
For example, the Palace Boldero, Malaspina at the intersection of San Fermo and Leone. Over a dome-shaped arch of the entrance portal we see triple window – trivora with two symmetrical balconies on both sides of the second noble floor. All the Windows of this floor is Gothic, with carved top arches, and the sills are decorated with the coat of arms of the family Boldero, which owned the Palace until 1610.
The same two-story was first in the XV century, the Palace Maronia outside Sao Paolo. It is again a Gothic window framing the second floor, where there is a large hall for receptions. Top floor with mesodinium was built in the XVI century, but then the walls outside were painted with frescoes of the Veronese artists, including Paolo Farinati. Fragments of these frescoes on the walls of the facade have been preserved. After the restoration, came back to life the paintings inside the Palace, frescoes in the Cabin and in the Room of the Landscapes belong to Battista del Moro . but the History of the Romans with battle scenes in the main ceremonial hall of the brushes is attributed to Francesco Moron .
Palace Maffei, Sona, from the bottom up on the street XX September
The building in the late Gothic style located on the street of the twentieth of September. 35 – The Palace Of Maffei, Sona, Gozzi, Malesani . Still one of the most impressive buildings of the quarter, twelve Windows facing the street, among them before the double Windows in the center on the second floor. Built in the XV century. Was two-storeyed and decorated outside with frescoes. Traces of a decorative frieze found on the second floor, the frieze took place under the roof.
On the walls of this Palace was the fresco by Stefano di Giovanni (about 1375-after 1438гг) depicting the Madonna with angels and St. Christopher . This valuable mural, signed by the author, the owners of the house, the brothers Gozzi donated to the Museum of Castelvecchio in 1906.
The image of the Palace Miniscalchi in watercolor P. Nanina in 1864
Her condition was neudovletvoreny. In the Museum it was first exhibited in the open air, deteriorating its integrity. Its size was 3M 40 cm to 1m 73cm, this is yet one of the oldest frescoes on the facade of the house in Verona that have reached us. Was located in between the four Windows of the first and second floor, the figures on the mural exceed the natural size.
To 1450 years in Verona built another Palace of a noble family Miniscalchi . Again the Gothic style and frescoes of the facade came to us on the street San Mamaso. Harmonious Gothic portal with pointed arch and excellent box-before second floor with decorations on top.
Miniscalchi Palace with frescoes on the facade
Miniscalchi Palace – a magnificent example of Gothic style architecture of Verona, extant. The entire facade was beautifully decorated, as evidenced by watercolor artist Veronese Pietro Nanin 1864.
Some Gothic buildings built in the XV century three-storey . and in the center on the square Erbe even a four.
Palazzo de Medici on Cavour street, 10
Palazzo De Medici, Pozzoni on the street Cavour,10 preserved in the Venetian Gothic style of the XV century, was built three-storey. The second floor Windows rest on the lower ledge, three double Windows divided by elegant columns and highlighted on the facade of the rectangular frame. The third floor window with upper triple Gothic arches and decorated with coats of arms on the windowsills.
The dal Verme Palace, Malaspina on the street Emily, 20 – grandioznoe building of three floors with a mezzanine, with 9 rows of Windows along the street and a clear separation of all floors with cornices. In the building of the XV century were some elements of the earlier buildings of the XIII century, which was at this place. The Palace is characterized by a single style, the same Windows and plenty of sculptural decorations: the portals with medallions of Roman emperors, cornices Windows, elegantly carved balcony. Under the roof of the Palace was decorated with a frieze with frescoes of the late XV century, the work of Giovan Maria Falconetto with the images of ancient triumphs and battle scenes.
The Palazzo del bene on the waterfront Regaste San Zeno, 25 was initially a two-storey, only in the XIX century was built up third floor with two balconies on the facade. Here it is clear that accuracy is impossible to determine the difference between the house and the Palace in the fifteenth century: this building is called home and the Palace. Beautifully decorated Windows and portal with dome-shaped arch, entwined with Laurel leaves, horns of plenty, with capitals and decorative inlays of red marble.