Gothic Krakow
Gothic Krakow 1241 Krakow brought terrible destruction. The Tartar hordes burned and looted everything that was outside masnih walls of Wawel castle and the fortified Church of St. Andrew. New…

Continue reading →

The great structures
Article THE GREAT STRUCTURES Italy. The Vatican. St. Peter's Basilica The Catholic Cathedral is the largest building in the Vatican city and until recently was considered largest Christian Church in…

Continue reading →

Egyptian pyramids inside

Pyramids of Egypt inside

Such moves are in the depths of the pyramid to the tomb of the Pharaoh

The pyramid is part of the ritual-burial complex of the earth of the Lord: Pharaoh. Therefore, when all differences among all the pyramids aside from the General shape and have a common internal structure, which is due to the obligatory presence of the hall, in which stood a sarcophagus of the Pharaoh and passages leading to it. Will see how to construct the Egyptian pyramids inside the example of the tomb of Cheops is the highest stone constructions in the world.

Tourists use speed, broken by the Mamelukes in the IX century, the Only entrance that was foreseen by the ancient builders, is located on the North side of the pyramid structures at a height of 12 meters from the ground. Once the entrance was concealed plate plating, but at the end of the XVIII century, the first European scholars who have studied this wonder of the world – the French, saw it open, because already by this time people stole the ancient structure of tiles.

The Cheops pyramid inside

The pyramid of Cheops in the context In contrast to most other such constructions of Egypt, which has one burial chamber, near the famous pyramid of Callosa three of them. One of them is underground – below the base of a structure carved directly into a natural Foundation. However, this chamber was not completely finished. Apparently, construction plans have changed, and the other two cameras are directly overhead in the stone giant body structure. For a long time scientists explained this by the fact that Pharaoh wanted the tomb was ready for the funeral ceremony is possible at any stage of construction. And when the builders started the construction of the next chamber above, the need in underground chamber has disappeared.

Underground camera This theory does not explain why all other such facilities burial chamber is below the base line. Only the pyramid of Pharaoh Sneferu and Cheops are inside the burial chamber above the base in the thickness of the masonry. A significant number of modern Egyptologists believe that this arrangement of chambers in the tomb of Cheops was associated with certain religious views of the ancient inhabitants of Egypt. Briefly, this theory is as follows. There are facts that allow to conclude that Cheops began to be worshipped as God RA during his lifetime.

The pyramid of Pharaoh is called “Horizon of Khufu”, which meant that he, as the God RA, every day rises on the horizon. The sons and successors of Cheops, Khefren Djedefra and became the first Pharaoh, the title of which contains the epithet “son of RA”. That is, Khufu was identified with RA, and therefore his burial chamber should be located above the earth and nearer to heaven – where you see the real sun. However, it should be noted that in respect of the Pharaoh Sneferu has not been found yet any facts that would allow to interpret the location of his burial chamber in a similar manner.

Such moves have to walk hunched But back again to what is a great pyramid inside . From the corridor leading down to the underground chamber approximately at the level of the earth begins a passage leading upwards. You can get into a small gallery, and then in a small chamber, called the Queen’s chamber. One of the underground “junctions” If you do not turn in the direction of the room of the Queen, and to go further, we will begin the Grand gallery, having a length of 47, and the height to 8.5 meters. This magnificent gallery is a unique architectural structure. The ancient masters thus laid limestone slabs of the false arch, so that each successive layer overlaps the previous one by 5-6 cm. Slabs of limestone, framing the walls, polished to a Shine and pritesannye to each other with amazing precision in the joints would not have passed and the blade of a thin knife. On the floor carved notches that allow you to move around without having to cling to smooth walls.

Amazing gallery. Here we can stretch through the narrow tunnels After the Grand gallery is a small room-the gateway leading to the room, called the chamber of the king. Her dimensions are as follows:

length – 10.5 m;

width – 5,2 m;

height – 5.8 meters.

Empty the house of Pharaoh. An empty sarcophagus Facing camera is made of slabs of pink granite. Above the ceiling is erected five discharge chambers, the upper of which has a gable roof, made of giant granite blocks. They take a huge weight of stone mass, not allowing it to crush the burial chamber of the Pharaoh. It should also be noted that the chamber of Pharaoh exactly oriented to the cardinal.

At the Western wall (the afterlife the Egyptians began in the West) is a massive sarcophagus, carved out of solid blocks of pink granite. The cover of the sarcophagus is missing. There was also no traces of a mummy of Pharaoh. That is, there is no evidence that the great pyramid was ever used for actual funerals. However, no other burial place of Pharaoh Cheops is not yet detected as not found and the mummy. However, scientists-Egyptologists have sufficient reason to say that the pyramid is part of the ritual-funerary complex and not something else.

When the first European explorers discovered the sarcophagus of the Pharaoh in the late eighteenth century, they did not know exactly for whom this was built, they thought, tomb, what was the name of ancient ruler of Egypt. Only later on the burial chamber were found a few and ieroglifov. circled oval frame. In fairness, it should be noted that some Egyptologists believed that the inscription is much later forgery and with some reason. The inscription could read thanks to the scientific discoveries of Champollion. which by that time had already deciphered the language of the ancient Egyptians. It turned out it was the name of the Pharaoh who ordered it built was the main and first wonder of the world. Pharaoh’s name was Khufu (the Greeks called him Cheops), and rules it according to contemporary scientific notions in the XXVIII-XXVII centuries BC, i.e. about 4700 years ago.

The mystery of the channels

It looks like the entrance to the North channel chamber of king Speaking about the structure of the pyramid of Cheops, we can not say that the Queen’s chamber, and the chamber is equipped with a king going up in North South direction and inclined shafts-channels of square section the size of an average 20×20 cm. Until recently it was believed that they served as ventilation channels. However, if the two stroke going away from the burial chamber of the Pharaoh pass through body structures and go outside, then two moves from the Queen’s chamber may not be ventilation – they end up in the masonry away from external walls (see diagram above).

Since 1993, attempts have been made using various technical devices to understand the purpose for which they were intended. German engineers have designed a special robot that can crawl through such narrow shafts. But in the southern shaft and the Northern robot buried in the barrier, representing a kind of plate with two lugs (handles?), similar to a metal (copper?). An attempt was made to drill one of the partitions, but the camera that the robot is pushed in the drilled hole showed that small space behind the stove again ends with a new stone wall.

Research it was decided to continue preparing new technical equipment, but the events in Egypt that occurred in early 2011, delaying them indefinitely.

In the light of new data became widespread scientific hypothesis that the mines had performed some ritual tasks associated with religious beliefs of the ancients. There is a more simple hypothesis that originally it actually had ventilation passages. But as the structure rose higher and higher, it was decided to build a third burial chamber – chamber of the king. And passages leading from the chamber of the Queen, the builders blocked off as unnecessary. This hypothesis is supported indirectly by the fact that the entrances to the mines on the side of the Queen’s chamber were bricked up and were discovered only after her thorough examination.

The internal structure of the pyramid of Cheops, from civil engineering point of view the most challenging of all such constructions of Ancient Egypt. All other Egyptian pyramids inside look roughly the same as the great pyramid of Cheops structure, but in General inside other pyramids of the pharaohs have a more simple device, with the exception of the tomb of Pharaoh Djoser at Saqqara. having an extensive system of underground tunnels and facilities at its base.

Cyclopean structures of antiquity
Cyclops Cyclops, m. (GK. kyklops - round). 1. In Greek mythology as a fantastic creature, a giant eye in the middle of the forehead. 2. What the one-eye in 2…


The design features Gothic churches
The design features Gothic churches The architecture of the early middle ages bears the scars of the overall relative stagnation in the development of the economy and culture of Western…

Continue reading →