The most mysterious places of the world
The most mysterious places of the world
Fly into space, race to build skyscrapers, clone living organisms and do many things that until recently seemed impossible. And still unable to unravel the mysteries of the builders and thinkers who lived thousands of years ago. Ancient boulder weighing hundreds of tons surprises us more than a computer the size of half your palm.
Stonehenge, UK, Salisbury
The altar, Observatory, tomb, calendar? Scientists have not come to a consensus. Five thousand years ago there was a circular ditch and ramparts around it with a diameter of 115 m. Several centuries later, the ancient builders brought here 80 four tons of rocks, and a couple of centuries — 30 megaliths weighing 25 tons. The stones were set in a circle and in the shape of a horseshoe. The kind where Stonehenge survives days, largely the result of human activity of recent centuries. People continued to work on stones: the peasants otkolupyvala from them the pieces, amulets, tourists are marking their territory inscriptions and restorers cooked the rest for the ancients, as here they that stood correctly.
Pyramid Of Kukulkan, Mexico, Chichen Itza
Every year in the spring and autumn equinox at the foot of the sanctuary of the Supreme deity of the Maya — Feathered Serpent — gather thousands of tourists. They have observed a miracle “phenomenon” of KUKULCAN: the Serpent is moving down along the balustrade of the main staircase. The illusion the game creates triangular shadows cast by the nine platforms of the pyramid at the moment when the sun tending to decline, for 10 minutes, covers its North-Western corner. Be the sanctuary shifted at least to the degree that anything like this would not happen.
Carnac stones, France, Brittany, Carnac
In total, about 4000 of the megaliths up to four meters apart slender alleys near the town of Carnac. The rows are parallel to each other or diverge like a fan, somewhere form a circle. The complex dates from the V–IV Millennium BC In Brittany legends that this Merlin made to harden the ranks of the Roman legionaries.
Stone spheres, Costa Rica
The pre-Columbian artifacts, scattered near the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, were discovered in the 1930-ies the workers of the banana plantations. Hoping to find gold inside, vandals have destroyed a lot of balls. Now the most of the remaining are kept in museums. The diameter of some stones up to 2.5 meters and a weight of 15 tons. Their purpose is unknown.
The tablets of Georgia, USA, Georgia, Elbert
In 1979, one under the pseudonym R. C. Christian ordered the construction company manufacturing and installation of the monument — the construction of six granite monoliths weighing more than 100 tons. The four side plates engraved with the ten commandments descendants in eight languages, including Russian. The last paragraph reads: “don’t be a cancer for the Earth, nature, too, leave the place!”
Nuraghe Of Sardinia, Italy, Sardinia
Semiconic structures resembling huge beehives (up to 20 m), appeared in Sardinia at the end of the II Millennium BC to the arrival of the Romans. The tower is built on a Foundation of stacked on top of other stone blocks, not fastened by any solution and holding only by its own gravity. The purpose of the Nuraghi is unclear. Typically, archaeologists have repeatedly discovered during the excavations of miniature models of the tower of bronze.
Saksauaman, Peru, Cusco
Archaeological Park at an altitude of 3700 meters and an area of 3000 hectares is located to the North of the capital of the Inca Empire. Defensive and at the same time the temple complex was built at the turn of XV–XVI centuries. Zigzag battlements, reaching 400 meters in length and six in height, composed of 200-ton stone blocks. As the Incas had installed these units as customized them one under the other — unknown. Top Saksauaman looks like the toothed head of the Puma of Cusco (the city was founded in the form of the sacred animal of the Incas).
Arkaim, Russia, Chelyabinsk region
The settlement of the bronze age (III–II Millennium BC) is on the same latitude as Stonehenge. Coincidence? Scientists don’t know. Two rows of circular wall (diameter far — 170 m), the system of drains and Sewerage, well in every house — evidence of a highly developed culture. The monument was discovered by pupils and students from an archaeological expedition in 1987. (photos model-reconstruction.)
Newgrange, Ireland, Dublin
The Celts called it the mound of the fairies, and believed to be the home of one of their main gods. Circular building of stone, earth and gravel with a diameter of 85 meters, was built over 5,000 years ago. Inside the mound is preceded by a hallway, ending the ritual chamber. In the days of the winter solstice, this camera is brightly lit for 15-20 minutes a ray of sun that enters the window above the entrance to the tunnel.
Coral castle, USA, Florida, HOMESTEAD
Fancy structure alone for 28 years (1923-1951) built a Latvian immigrant Edward Liedskalnins in honor of lost love. How a person of modest height and build moved the huge blocks of space, remains a mystery.
The statue of “reptiles”, French Polynesia, the island of Nuku Hiva
Statues in a place called Temeke-Tahua in the Marquesas depict strange creatures, the appearance of which in mass consciousness is associated with aliens. They are different: there are large largemouth “reptilians”, but there are others: small trunk and a disproportionately large elongated head helmets with huge eyes. They have one thing in common — an evil expression. Was it aliens from other worlds, or just the priests in masks is unknown. The statues date from about the beginning of II Millennium.
The pyramids of Yonaguni, Japan, the Ryukyu archipelago
Monuments of large stone platforms and columns, located under water at a depth of from 5 to 40 meters, were discovered in 1986. The most important of these structures has the form of a pyramid. Nearby is a large Playground with steps, similar to the stadium with spectator stands. One of the objects resembles a huge head, like the moai statues on Easter island. In the scientific community debate: many people believe that lying on the ocean floor formation are exclusively of natural origin. But some individuals like the Masaaki Kimura, a Professor at Ryukyu University, repeatedly narashige to the ruins, insist that it could not do without the person.
Goseck circle, Germany, Gosek
Ring system of concentric moats and wooden fences was created between 5000 and 4800 BC the complex is Now reconstructed. Presumably, it was used as a solar calendar.
Great Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe, Masvingo
One of the largest and oldest stone structures in South Africa were built from the XI century, and in XV for some unknown reason was abandoned. All designs (up to 11 meters in height and 250 in length) constructed by the method of dry masonry. Presumably, in the settlement lived up to 18 000 people.
A convoy of the Delhi, India, new Delhi
The iron pillar height greater than 7 meters and weighing over 6 tons — part of the architectural complex of Qutb Minar. Was cast in honor of the king Chandragupta II in 415 BC. For unclear reasons, column, almost 100% made of iron, almost not affected by corrosion. Scientists are trying to explain this fact by different reasons: special skill and technology of ancient Indian blacksmiths, dry air and the specific climatic conditions in the area of new Delhi, forming a protective shell — in particular, due to the fact that Indians masively sacred monument oils and spices. Ufologists, as usual, see the column another proof of the intervention of extraterrestrial intelligence. But the secret of “stainless steel” is still not solved.
Nazca lines, Peru, Nazca
47-foot spider, a 93-meter Hummingbird, 134-meter eagle, lizard, alligator, snake, zoomorphic and other humanoid creature… a Giant image of a bird’s flight seem to be scratched on the bare rock, and though with one hand, in the same style. Actually this furrow to a depth of 50 cm and a width of 135 cm, made at different times in the V-VII centuries.
Observatory Nasty, Nubia, Sugar
In the Sands near dry lake is the oldest archeoastronomical monument on the planet, 1000 years older than Stonehenge. The location of megaliths allows you to determine the summer solstice. Archaeologists believe that people lived here seasonally, when the lake had water, so needed in the calendar.
Anticiparse mechanism, Greece, Antikythera
Mechanical device with dials, hands and gears in the early XX century were found on the wreck route from Rhodes (100 BC). After extensive research and reconstructions, scientists have found that the unit served astronomical purposes — allowed to monitor the movement of celestial bodies and perform very complex calculations.
Plate Baalbek, Lebanon
The remains of a Roman temple complex belong to the I-II century ad But the Romans built the sanctuary out of nowhere. At the base of the temple of Jupiter are more ancient slabs weighing 300 tons. Western retaining wall is a series of “trilithon” — three limestone blocks, each more than 19 m in length, 4 m in height and weighing about 800 tons. Roman technique was to lift such weight. By the way, not far from the complex for thousands of years is another block — under 1000 tons.
Gobekli Tepe, Turkey
Complex in the Armenian plateau is considered the oldest of the largest megalithic structures (approximately X–IX Millennium BC). At that time people were still engaged in hunting and gathering, but someone was able to build circles of huge stelae with images of animals.